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The term, hydroponics, is rooted in the old Greek word, “hydros,” or water, and “ponos,” or work. Sometimes, it is mistakenly referred to as aquiculture or aquaculture, terms that are more appropriatefor other fields of science that are totally unrelated to gardening.
As the world population rises and suitable land availability for crop production drops, hydroponics will provide us a lifeline, letting us to produce crops eitherin greenhouses or in multilevel structures devoted to agriculture.
Hydroponics can be defined as a process where plant is grown in a water-based solution that is infused with nutrients. It makes no use of soil; instead the root system relies on an inert medium like vermiculture, clay pellets, rockwool or peat moss. The key principle behind hydroponics is to directly expose the plants roots to the nutrient solution and simultaneously give it access to oxygen, a basic requirement for healthy growth.
In any case, it’s good to learn as much as you can about hydroponics before starting your garden.
Advantages of Hydroponics
Hydroponics provides several advantages, the most crucial of which is plant growth at a substantially higher rate. With the right setup, you can have your plants maturing up to 25% faster and producing up to 30% more compared to growing them in soil.
This is essentially because plants don’t have to work so much to access their required nutrients. With a small root system, the plants can get all the nutrients they need and concentrate on growing upward, rather than downward expanding the root system.
This, however, calls for effective control of your nutrient solution, including its pH levels. A hydroponic system will utilize less water than soil-based plants as well, and it is because the system is enclosed, leading to reduced evaporation. Of course, hydroponics is more environment-friendly because it controls waste and pollution from soil runoff.
Hydroponics is a perfect choice for any type of growers. That’s because you are able to carefully control the variables that influence the growth of your plant. Compared to a soil-based garden, a well-maintained hydroponic system will amaze your with its results, both in terms of plant quality and the amount of produce yielded.
If you’re thinking of big, juicy, yummy plants, then nothing can work better for you than hydroponics. The system can seem intimidating in the beginning, with all the work and equipment required, but as you get the hang of it, everything will become simpler and easier. The secret is to arm yourself with as much knowledge as you can get, both from reading and from talking to an expert.